Guide to First Trimester of Pregnancy

Guide to First Trimester of Pregnancy

Congratulations on your pregnancy with the butterflies in your belly. You must be thinking now if someone can tell you what all is going on inside your body, how is the baby growing and all.

Hello everyone, Myself Dr. Shikha Sardana, Obs gynae consultant at Chaitanya Hospital, Chandigarh. We are here today with your first trimester week by week pregnancy newsletter to keep you informed about what to expect for you and your developing baby during the first three months of your pregnancy.

Let’s start the journey from your fifth week. The fifth week is a time when pregnancy is usually detected. When you miss your periods and get the pregnancy test done. At this time the baby is just around 3 mm sized looks more like a tadpole than a baby. During the fifth week, the brain and mind began to form. By the end of the fifth week, your baby’s heart is beating at a steady rhythm, and the structures that will become eyes and ears are forming.

Further on in the sixth week, the baby is now about the size of a pea. Lungs and Brain are developing. Baby’s nose, mouth, eyes, ears, and arms are forming and began to take seep. An ultrasound scan may be able to detect little baby’s Heartbeat at this time.

Moving further in the seventh week, now the baby has eyelids but they remain closed. The hands and feet are forming. Then by the eighth week, the baby is about 1 inch or a bean-sized. The placenta is working and supplying the baby with oxygen and nutrients through the umbilical cord.

And then you enter the third month of your pregnancy. In the beginning of the third month, while still extremely small, your baby is now ready for a rapid weight gain. Your baby is beginning to look more like a little person. All the baby’s joints are working and the baby moves about freely in the amniotic sac i.e water bag around the baby.

Further on in the third month now the heart will divide into four Chambers. The limbs as well as hands, feet, fingers, and toes become well developed. The finger and toenails began to form. And you won’t even believe that unique fingerprints are now located on the tips of your baby’s fingers. Your baby’s mouth now has 20 buds that will become baby teeth. Fine hairs began to form on the baby’s scalp.

By the end of the third month, that is by the end of your first trimester, baby is almost lemon sized and has all major organs. But yes they’re too immature for the baby to survive out of the womb. So now you know, how will your baby grow in the first trimester. In fact, tracking your baby’s development month by month like this is a great way to born with your baby.

Now let’s shift the focus on you, the new mommy-to-be. Let’s see what changes are occurring to your body when you are in your first trimester. As we have discussed before that usually you are in your fifth week of pregnancy when you discover that you are pregnant. At this point, you may begin to experience morning sickness or nausea vomiting of pregnancy. Although it usually begins around the sixth week of pregnancy. About 60% of pregnant women will experience this. And although named like morning sickness, this pregnancy-related nausea vomiting can strike at any time of the day like in the morning, throughout the day or in the evening.

In addition to morning sickness at this point at around six weeks, you may begin noticing some changes in your breast. The hormonal changes might make your breasts swollen, tender, and sensitive. As you move further, in the second month of pregnancy you still may not physically appear pregnant to the people but you definitely will begin to notice several changes. You may experience weakness or fatigue, mood swings, heartburn, feeling more bloated. You may have food cravings or aversions. You can develop constipation. These are common discomforts during pregnancy.

Further, as you move and enter the third month of your pregnancy, although it may not look like your body has changed from outside but your baby is rapidly growing inside and likewise, many changes are occurring throughout your body. You may notice increased hair in nail growth. You may observe that your skin is changing including darkening of the breast areolas, irregular dark patches on your face and neck i.e chloasma or mask of pregnancy. Now, Stretch Marks may be appearing on your abdomen, breast, hips, or buttocks. Your morning sickness may begin to subside at this point but you may be experiencing more frequent heartburns. You may notice some more distant changes in your breast, by now your breast might have become larger and may feel lumpy. This is because breast is preparing for milk production.

So these all are the physical and emotional changes during the first three months of your pregnancy. Now as you know them this will help face you these months ahead with confidence and take care of yourself in a better way.

Enjoy your pregnancy by taking care of yourself with the wishes of a happy, healthy, and safe pregnancy. We want to thank you all for joining us.